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                 Guest For  FRIDAY MAY 15,  2009

                             (Originally aired: 05-22-91)

 

                                     DANIEL SINGER

                                 (1926-2000 R.I.P.)

  

                   Political Journalist / Scholar

 

                                         &

 

                       ERNEST MANDEL Ph.D

                                  (1925-1995 R.I.P.)

     

                 

                  Political Scientist / Scholar / Marxist

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The program can be viewed in its entirety by clicking the you tube link below:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5_bMKrUq0nA - DANIEL SINGER & ERNEST MANDEL

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More about: DANIEL SINGER & ERNEST MANDEL Ph.D

Daniel Singer (journalist)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 
Daniel Singer
Born September 26, 1926
Warsaw, Poland
Died December 2, 2000
Paris, France
Occupation Journalist
Nationality British
Spouse(s) Jeanne Kérel
Relative(s) Bernard Singer, Esther Singer
 

Daniel Singer (September 26, 1926 – December 2, 2000) was a socialist writer and journalist. He was best known for his articles for The Nation in the United States and for The Economist in Britain, serving for decades as a European correspondent for each magazine.

Gore Vidal described Singer as "one of the best, and certainly the sanest, interpreters of things European for American readers", with a "Balzacian eye for human detail." Mike Davis labeled Singer "the left's most brilliant arsonist", with a talent for "set[ting] ablaze whole forests of desiccated cliches".[1]

Contents

[hide]

Biography

 Early life

Singer was born in 1926 in Warsaw, in his parents' home. His father, Bernard Singer, was to become a well-known journalist, [2] but was impoverished at the time of Daniel's birth. His mother, Esther Singer, was a teacher, and the child of wealthy Jewish parents. Esther, a Marxist, interested both Daniel and a young Isaac Deutscher in left-wing politics, and specifically the ideas of Marx and Rosa Luxemburg. As Daniel aged, his father became more financially successful, and the family was able to move out of the ghetto. Esther quit her job, and Daniel attended a school where he was the only Jew in his class. [3]

Education and escape from Holocaust

In 1939, when Nazi Germany invaded Poland, Daniel and his sister and mother were staying in southern France. They went to Paris in an attempt to book passage to Varsovie, but could not. Instead, after the occupation of Paris by the Germans Daniel and his mother and sister lefy Parid . They went first to Anger where Daniel went to the Lycée david d'Anger; then to Toulouse (Lyce Lakanal) and after to Marseille (Lycée Thiers). In the beginning of August 1942 the French police came to arrest them; his sister jump through the window (second floor),broke her leg and was send to the hospital; Daniel was away in the country side with some school friends and learn about his siter coming back home. With the help of the resistance first Daniel, and then his mother and sister, escaped to Switzerland. Bernard Singer, meanwhile, was arrested by the Soviet Union, which had occupied eastern Poland under the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact. Bernard was send to the goulag for two years and release when the USSR entered the war before being allowed to leave for London.[3]

During the middle of the Second World War, Daniel studied philosophy in Geneva. In 1944, he and the remainder of his family joined his father in London, where Daniel obtained his bachelor's degree in economics from the University of London.

Journalistic career and marriage

Singer began working for The Economist in 1948, with assistance from his old friend Isaac Deutscher,[3] and for the New Statesman in 1949.[2] His work focused on Poland, France, Eastern Europe, and the Soviet Union. He remained on staff with The Economist for 19 years. In this period, he also provided radio and television commentary for the BBC and the Canadian CBC.[3]

In 1956, Singer married Jeanne Kérel, a French doctoral student in economics in the University of Paris; with a British Council scholarship she spend a year in London in 1952-1953 at the London School of Economics. After their wedding they lived during two years separated. Daniel moved to Paris in Mai 1958 when he was send as"The Economist correspondent moved to Paris,'.[2]

Singer spent the rest of his life living in Paris, reporting first for The Economist, and then, after 1970, for The Nation, and became in 1980 the magazine's European correspondent.[2] He wrote critically of Charles De Gaulle, François Mitterrand, and the French Communist Party, but was enthused by the events of May 1968.

Death

Singer died in 2000 of a lung cancer. He requested that the announcement of his death be accompanied by a quotation from Rosa Luxemburg, still his political icon, shortly before her execution:

Your order is built on sand. Tomorrow, the revolution will raise its head again, Proclaiming to your horror amidst a blaze of trumpets, "I was, I am, I always shall be."[2]

The Daniel Singer Millennium Prize Foundation was established in Singer's name after his death. It offers an annual $2,500 prize for an essay in Singer's spirit.[4]

 Political views

Singer's writing was always deeply influenced by his interest in politics, and specifically the process of political change. Throughout his adult life, Singer was a socialist, but a critic of the Soviet Union. Influenced by anarchism, Trotskyism, and various newer dissident schools of Marxism, he defined himself ultimately as a Luxemburgist.[2]

Singer opposed capitalism, saying that he "could not resign himself to the idea that with the technological genius at our disposal we are unable to build a different world." He denied, however, that capitalism's doom is inevitable, writing "capitalism has within it the seeds of its own destruction, but only seeds... Capitalism will have to be pushed off the stage." Singer believed that this push "will require a revolution."[3]

While Singer was an opponent of Stalinism, and believed the French Communist Party in large part responsible for De Gaulle's success in taking power in 1958 and his failure to be overthrown in 1968, he had a nuanced view on the question. He wrote that, "while the totalitarian nature of Stalin's Russia is undeniable, I find the thesis of "totalitarian twins" both wrong and unproductive, and recognized the deep working-class implantation of the CP.[5]

Singer retained an optimism about the prospects for socialism, writing shortly before his death:

There is no certainty about the future. Humanity has the capability of destroying itself, and it may very well do so. The hope is with the younger generation. They will not be able to run away from the problems of the world the way our generation did and the next generation has. But our grandchildren will have to deal with the contradictions.[3]

 Books

[edit] Prelude to Revolution (1970)

Prelude to Revolution: France in May 1968, first published by Hill and Wang in 1970, is an account of the student uprising and general strike that shook France and imperiled the Gaullist regime in the spring of 1968. Singer argues that the events of May '68, while not a revolution, even a failed one, had the potential to overturn a contradictory French society. However, he claims, they achieved no radical change because the genuine radicals on the non-Communist left had insufficient organization and influence, while the supposedly radical Communist Party, with sufficient strength to force fundamental change in the crisis, was not actually interested in doing so. According to Percy Brazil, this is the work which established Singer as "a major political writer."[3]

The New Republic wrote of Prelude to Revolution that "if Marx had been living in Paris during May 1968, he might have written this book." [6]

 The Road to Gdansk (1981)

The Road to Gdansk, published by Monthly Review Press in 1981,[6] is a collection of essays on Poland, the Soviet Union, and Solidarnosc. It was described by Foreign Affairs as "a sharp and stimulating analysis", though a review in Russian Review, while praising its discussion of the USSR, notes that "less than a third" of the book is devoted to "a rather superficial analysis" of events in Poland. [7] [8]

 Is Socialism Doomed? (1988)

Is Socialism Doomed? The Meaning of Mitterrand was published by Oxford University Press in 1988.[6]. The book dissects the phenomenon of François Mitterrand, who came into office as the first socialist president in French history with "the most radical program of any offered in the West by a prospective government in at least thirty years", but by the end of the 1980s had abandoned radicalism and turned the French Socialist Party back into a standard European social democratic party.[9] Singer argued that the disappointment of Mitterrand for socialists demonstrated not that socialism is a futile project, but that Mitterrand had not really attempted it. [10

 Whose Millennium? (1999)

Whose Millennium? Theirs or Ours? was published by Monthly Review Press in 1999.[6] This book, described by Percy Brazil as Singer's "magnum opus",[3], challenges the idea that "there is no alternative" to capitalism. Instead, Singer argues,

We are at a moment, to borrow [Walt] Whitman's words, when society "is for a while between things ended and things begun," not because of some symbolic date on a calendar marking the turn of the millennium, but because the old order is a-dying, in so far as it can no longer provide answers corresponding to the social needs of our point of development, though it clings successfully to power, because there is no class, no social force ready to push it off the historical stage.[11]

Barbara Ehrenreich described the book as "magisterial in its historical sweep [and] fiercely democratic in its vision", providing "the thinking person's bridge to the 21st Century."[1]

[edit] Deserter from Death (2005)

Deserter from Death: Dispatches from Western Europe 1950-2000, is a posthumous collection of Singer's journalistic writing over the course of his life, published by Nation Books in 2005. It has an introduction by George Steiner and a preface by Howard Zinn.[12] The title comes from a phrase Singer once used to describe himself, referring to his narrow escape from the Holocaust.

  1. ^ a b Amazon.com: Whose Millennium?: Theirs or Ours?: Daniel Singer: Books
  2. ^ a b c d e f Johnson, Douglas (2000-01-10). "Daniel Singer". The Guardian. http://www.guardian.co.uk/Archive/Article/0,4273,4114882,00.html. Retrieved on 2008-02-18. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Brazil, Percy (February 2001). Remembering Daniel Singer. 52. Monthly Review. http://www.monthlyreview.org/201brazil.htm. Retrieved on 2008-02-18. 
  4. ^ The Daniel Singer Millennium Prize Foundation
  5. ^ Exploiting a Tragedy, or Le Rouge en Noir
  6. ^ a b c d Singer, Daniel (2002). Prelude to Revolution. South End Press. ISBN 978-0-89608-682-1. 
  7. ^ Campbell, John (Summer 1981). "Book Review: The Road to Gdansk, Daniel Singer". Foreign Affairs. 
  8. ^ Korbonski, Andrzej (January 1982). "Singer, Daniel. The Road to Gdansk.". Russian Review 41 (1): 93–94. doi:10.2307/129586. 
  9. ^ "Is Socialism Doomed? The Meaning of Mitterrand" Monthly Review | Find Articles at BNET.com
  10. ^ W. Rand Smith (June 1989). "Is Socialism Doomed? The Meaning of Mitterrand. By Daniel Singer.". The American Political Science Review 83 (2): 655–657. 
  11. ^ International Socialist Review
  12. ^ Deserter from Death

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About Daniel Singer

Daniel Singer was born on September 26, 1926, in Warsaw, was educated in France, Switzerland and England and died on December 2, 2000, in Paris.

He was a contributor to The Economist, The New Statesman, the Tribune and The Nation (where he was Europe correspondent for twenty years), and appeared as a commentator on NPR, "Monitor Radio" and the BBC, as well as Canadian and Australian broadcasting. (These credits are for his English-language work; he was also fluent in French, Polish, Russian and Italian.)

He was the author of Prelude to Revolution: France in May 1968 (Hill & Wang, 1970) (recently reissued), The Road to Gdansk: Eastern Europe on the Move (Monthly Review Press, 1981), Is Socialism Doomed?: The Meaning of Mitterrand (Oxford, 1988) and Whose Millennium? Theirs or Ours? (Monthly Review Press, 1999). The Introduction to Whose Millennium? includes additional words penned only days before the author's passing. Whose Millennium? is available in several translations, with more to come.

A specialist on the Western European left as well as the former Communist nations, Singer ranged across the Continent in his dispatches to The Nation. Singer sharply critiqued Western-imposed economic "shock therapy" in the former Eastern Bloc and US support for Boris Yeltsin, sounded early warnings about the re-emergence of Fascist politics into the Italian mainstream and, across the Mediterranean, reported on an Algeria sliding into civil war.


Daniel the man, the comrade, the mentor...is remembered in

the eulogies delivered at Montparnasse Cemetery
and in messages sent from afar for the occasion
(most of this material is in French, with some Italian and English),

as well as in other speeches presented (mostly) at
the March 3 tribute to Daniel in New York City;

in the obituaries that appeared in
   Le Monde (France),
   Il Manifesto (Italy),
   The Guardian (England) and
   The Nation (USA);

and in the memorial published in the
Summer 2001 New Politics (USA).


                                                                                          danielsinger.org

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Ernest Mandel

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 
Jan Willem Stutje's biography of Mandel was published in 2007

Ernest Ezra Mandel, also known by various pseudonyms such as Ernest Germain, Pierre Gousset, Henri Vallin, Walter etc. (April 5, 1923 - July 20, 1995) was a democratic Marxist theorist.

Contents

[hide]

Life

Born in Frankfurt, Mandel was recruited to the Belgian section of the international Trotskyist movement, the Fourth International, in his youth in Antwerp. His parents, Henri and Rosa Mandel, were Jewish emigres from Poland, the former a member of Rosa Luxemburg's and Karl Liebknecht's Spartacist League. Ernest's entrance to university studies was cut short when the German occupying forces closed the university down.

During World War II, he escaped twice after being arrested in the course of resistance activities, and survived imprisonment in the German concentration camp at Dora. After the war, he became a leader of both the Belgian Trotskyists and the youngest member of the Fourth International secretariat, alongside Michel Pablo and others. He gained respect as a prolific journalist with a clear and lively style, as an orthodox Marxist theoretician, and as a talented debater. He wrote for numerous media outlets in the 1940s and 1950s including Het Parool, Le Peuple, l'Observateur and Agence France-Presse. At the height of the Cold War he publicly defended the merits of Marxism in debate with the social democrat and future Dutch premier Joop den Uyl.

 Activity

After 1946 World Congress of the Fourth International, Mandel was elected into the leadership of the International Secretariat of the Fourth International. In line with its policy, he joined the Belgian Socialist Party where he was a leader of a militant socialist tendency, becoming editor of the socialist newspaper La Gauche (and writing for its Flemish sister publication, Links), a member of the economic studies commission of the General Confederation of Labour of Belgium and an associate of the Belgian syndicalist André Renard. He and his comrades were expelled from the Socialist Party not long after the Belgian General Strike for opposing its coalition with the Christian Democrats and its acceptance of anti-strike legislation.

He was one of the main initiators of the 1963 reunification between the International Secretariat and the majority of the International Committee of the Fourth International, a public faction led by James Cannon's Socialist Workers Party that had withdrawn from the FI in 1953. The regroupment formed the United Secretariat of the Fourth International (USFI or "Usec"). Until his death in 1995, Mandel remained the most prominent leader and theoretician of both the USFI and of its Belgian section, the SAP-POS(Socialist Workers' Party).

Until the publication of his massive book Marxist Economic Theory in French in 1962, Mandel's Marxist articles were written mainly under a variety of pseudonyms and his activities as Fourth Internationalist were little known outside the left. He resumed his university studies and graduated from what is now the École Pratique des Hautes Études in Paris in 1967. Only from 1968 did Mandel become wellknown as public figure and Marxist politician, touring student campuses in Europe and America giving talks on socialism, imperialism and revolution.

Although officially barred from West Germany (and several other countries at various times, including the United States, France, Switzerland, and Australia), he gained a PhD from the Free University of Berlin in 1972 (where he taught some months), published as Late Capitalism, and he subsequently gained a lecturer position at the Free University of Brussels. In 1978 he delivered the Alfred Marshall Lectures at the University of Cambridge, on the topic of the long waves of capitalist development.

Mandel campaigned on behalf of numerous dissident left-wing intellectuals suffering political repression, championed the cancellation of the third world debt, and in the Mikhail Gorbachev era spearheaded a petition for the rehabilitation of the accused in the Moscow Trials of 1936-38. As a man in his 70s, he travelled to Russia to defend his vision of a free and democratic socialism.

 Writings

In total, he published approximately 2,000 articles and around 30 books during his life, which were translated into many languages. In addition, he also edited or contributed to many books, maintained a voluminous correspondence, and went on speaking engagements worldwide. He considered it his mission to transmit the heritage of classical Marxist thought, deformed by the experience of Stalinism and the Cold War, to a new generation. And to a large extent he did influence a generation of scholars and activists in their understanding of important Marxist concepts. In his writings, perhaps most striking is the tension between creative independent thinking and the desire for a strict adherence to Marxist doctrinal orthodoxy. Due to his commitment to socialist democracy, he has even been characterised as "Luxemburgist". [1]

 Legacy

He is probably remembered most of all for being an indefatigable rationalist populariser of basic Marxist ideas, for his books on Late Capitalism and Long-Wave theory, and for his moral-intellectual leadership in the Trotskyist movement. His critics however claim that he was 'too soft on Stalinism', eclectic and unsystematic in his economic theorizing, an over-optimistic politician, a supporter of reforms within capitalism, or simply that he wrote more than he could do well.[citation needed]

A satirical novel featuring among others Ernest Mandel (in the guise of the encyclopedic, computer-brained genius Ezra Einstein) is Tariq Ali's Redemption (Chatto & Windus 1990 (ISBN 0-7011-3394-5), Picador, 1991).

Mandel was co-founder, with Livio Maitan, of the International Institute for Research and Education, which was selected as the home of the Ernest Mandel Study Centre after this death. Working together with the Ernest Mandel Foundation, the IIRE plays a key role in expanding the circulation of Mandel's works.

 Bibliography

Most important books

  • Marxist Economic Theory (2 vols.).
  • The Formation of the Economic Thought of Karl Marx, 1843 to Capital
  • La Longue Marche de la Revolution
  • Introduction to Marxist Economic Theory
  • Europe versus America: Contradictions of Imperialism
  • Decline of the Dollar': a Marxist view of the Monetary Crisis
  • The Second Slump
  • Revolutionary Marxism Today
  • Revolutionare Strategien im 20e Jahrhundert
  • Trotsky: A Study in the Dynamic of his Thought
  • From Stalinism to Eurocommunism
  • Late Capitalism
  • Vervreemding en revolutionaire perspectieven
  • Offener Marxismus
  • Réponse à Louis Althusser et Jean Elleinstein
  • Long Waves of Capitalist Development
  • Introduction to Marxism
  • Delightful Murder: A social history of the crime story'
  • De la Commune à Mai 68: Histoire du mouvement ouvrier international
  • Karl Marx: die Aktualitat seines Werkes
  • La Crise
  • The meaning of the Second World War
  • Beyond Perestroika: the future of Gorbachev's USSR
  • October 1917: Coup d'état or Social Revolution?
  • Trotsky as Alternative
  • Kontroversen um "Das Kapital"
  • Power and Money: A Marxist Theory of Bureaucracy
  • The Place of Marxism in History
  • Cash Krach & Krisis: Profitboom, Börsenkrach und Wirtschaftskrise
  • Revolutionary Marxism and Social Reality in the 20th Century
  • Why they invaded Czechoslovakia

Books he (co-)edited

  • 50 Years of World Revolution 1917-1967: an International Symposium
  • Arbeiterkontrolle, Arbeiterrate, Arbeiterselbstverwaltung
  • Ricardo, Marx, Sraffa: the Langston Memorial Volume
  • New Findings in Long-Wave Research

Biography

Jan Willem Stutje, Ernest Mandel: Rebel tussen Droom en Daad. Antwerpen: Houtekiet/Amsab, 2007. [In Dutch]

 References

 See also

 External links

 

                                                             

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                                                                               Friday May 15, 2009

                                 10:30 - 11:30 AM  / (NYC Time)

 

                 Channel 34 of the Time/Warner & Channel 83 of the RCN 


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The Program can now be viewed on the internet at time of cable casting at

 

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                  NOTE: You must adjust viewing to reflect NYC time

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