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FEBRUARY 22, 2016
aired July 1982)
(1915 - 2004
Publisher of the new
Starting in 1948.
Scientific American (US)
It's our 170th
is a surprising dynamic magazine where working
scientists and Nobel laureates present the remarkable
things they do. And it is the place where specialists
outside of science make valuable
contributions as well. It's alive with change and buzzes
with speculation on what science can postulate, promise
and prove at the dawn of a new century. With every issue
readers assess the vital work that's being carried out
in medicine, technology, energy and the environment,
business, and more.
Published in English - Monthly.
Full acces to our entire archive going back to 1845!
Allow 12-16 weeks for delivery.
The program can be
viewed in its entirety by clicking the you tube link below:
- GERARD PIEL
More about GERARD PIEL
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Gerard Piel (1 March 1915 in
Woodmere, N.Y. – 5 September 2004) was the publisher of
Scientific American magazine starting in 1948. He wrote
for magazines, including
The Nation, and published books on science for the
Piel graduated from
Harvard University with a bachelor of arts degree in 1937.
He was the science editor of
Life Magazine from 1939 to 1945. In 1946 and 1947, he worked
Henry Kaiser Company as assistant to the president. In 1948,
in association with two colleagues, he launched a new version of
Scientific American, to promote science literacy for the
general public in the postwar era. He held a number of honorary
degrees and awards, including the
Kalinga Prize in 1962.
- The Age of Science: What We Learned in the 20th
- Science in the Cause of Man
- The Acceleration of History
Alfred A. Knopf, 1972,
- Only One World: Our Own to Make and to Keep, 1992
- The World of Rene Dubos: A Collection of His Writings
"Gerard Piel, 89, Who Revived Scientific American Magazine,
Dies", The New York Times, obituary, September 07,
The Acceleration of
Alfred A. Knopf, 1972,
Gerard Piel, a science writer and editor who helped
revive Scientific American magazine a half-century
ago and made it thrive, died Sunday at Mount Sinai
Hospital of Queens. He was 89 and lived on the Upper
East Side of Manhattan.
The cause was a stroke he suffered in February, his
Mr. Piel and associates took a gamble in 1947 to buy
the magazine with money borrowed from people he
called "a lot of very lovely guys." (They included
the Whitney partners and the Rosenwald family.)
They believed that there were enough intelligent
laymen to support a periodical that discussed
science in depth. With that, Mr. Piel, the
publisher; Dennis Flanagan, the editor; and Donald
H. Miller, the general manager, revamped the hoary
publication as a timely and authoritative monthly.
They insisted, for instance, that more articles be
written by people directly engaged in the subject
Four years and a million dollars in venture capital
later, the magazine began to turn a profit. Revived,
the magazine, which was established in 1845, covers
groundbreaking events in science and technology as
they happen. It counts more than 100 Nobel laureates
among its contributors.
Scientific American now publishes 15
foreign-language editions. Its circulation reached
one million under Mr. Piel's leadership as
publisher. He took the chairmanship of the company
in 1984, and in 1986 he oversaw the sale of the
magazine to Verlagsgruppe Georg von Holtzbrinck, its
Mr. Piel was a scion of a brewing family from
19th-century Brooklyn. Gottfried Piel and his
brother Michael, Gerard's grandfather, started Piel
Brothers Brewery in 1883 to supply the clan's
biergarten, whose chief cook was Maria, Michael's
Gerard Piel was born on March 1, 1915, in Woodmere,
N.Y., on Long Island. He graduated magna cum laude
as a history major from Harvard in 1937, and started
as an editorial trainee at Time Inc.
Family lore has it that one year after college he
was named science editor of Life magazine because
his boss deemed him qualified by being "certifiably
illiterate in science."
"The idea was that if I could understand what I was
writing and publishing, then so could the reader,"
Mr. Piel explained years later. "I became a science
journalist and my education has been continuing ever
He kept the job at Life for six years. He briefly
was assistant to the president of the Henry J.
Kaiser Company and associated companies in Oakland,
Calif., before preparing for the acquisition and
makeover of Scientific American.
Mr. Piel was the author of several books, most
recently "The Age of Science: What Scientists
Learned in the 20th Century" (Basic Books, 2001).
Other titles included "Science in the Cause of Man"
(Knopf, 1962), "The Acceleration of History" (Knopf,
1972) and "Only One World" (Freeman, 1992). He was
co-editor of "The World of Rene Dubos: A Collection
of His Writings" (Holt, 1990).
He was a past president of the American Association
for the Advancement of Science and led the 1966
citizens' committee that recommended to Mayor John
V. Lindsay the establishment of the Health and
Over the years he was an overseer at Harvard and a
trustee at Radcliffe and was on the boards of the
American Museum of Natural History and the New York
Botanical Garden. Until recently he sat of the
boards of Phillips Andover Academy, the Henry J.
Kaiser Foundation and the Mayo Clinic.
Mr. Piel is survived by his wife of 49 years,
Eleanor Jackson Piel, a prominent civil rights
lawyer; a daughter, Eleanor P. Womack of Santa
Monica, Calif.; a son, Jonathan B. Piel of
Manhattan; 11 grandchildren and 2
great-grandchildren. His previous marriage, to the
late Mary Tapp Bird, ended in divorce.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Scientific American (informally abbreviated
SciAm) is an American
popular science magazine. Many famous scientists,
Albert Einstein, have contributed articles in the past
170 years. It is the oldest continuously published monthly
magazine in the United States.
Scientific American was founded by inventor and
Rufus M. Porter
 in 1845 as a four-page weekly newspaper.
Throughout its early years, much emphasis was placed on reports
of what was going on at the
U.S. Patent Office. It also reported on a broad range of
perpetual motion machines, an 1860 device for buoying
Abraham Lincoln, and the
universal joint which now can be found in nearly every
automobile manufactured. Current issues include a "this date
in history" section, featuring excerpts from articles originally
published 50, 100, and 150 years earlier. Topics include
humorous incidents, wrong-headed theories, and noteworthy
advances in the history of science and technology.
Porter sold the publication to
Alfred Ely Beach and
Orson Desaix Munn I a mere ten months after founding it.
Until 1948, it remained owned by Munn & Company. Under Orson Desaix Munn III,
grandson of Orson I, it had evolved into something of a
"workbench" publication, similar to the twentieth century
In the years after World War II, the magazine fell into
decline. In 1948, three partners who were planning on starting a
new popular science magazine, to be called The Sciences,
purchased the assets of the old Scientific American
instead and put its name on the designs they had created for
their new magazine. Thus the partners—publisher
Gerard Piel, editor
Dennis Flanagan, and general manager Donald H. Miller,
Jr.—essentially created a new magazine.
Miller retired in 1979, Flanagan and Piel in 1984, when Gerard
Piel's son Jonathan became president and editor; circulation had
grown fifteen-fold since 1948. In 1986, it was sold to the
Holtzbrinck group of Germany, which has owned it since.
In the fall of 2008, Scientific American was put under
the control of
Nature Publishing Group, a division of Holtzbrinck.
Donald Miller died in December 1998,
Gerard Piel in September 2004 and Dennis Flanagan in January
Mariette DiChristina is the current editor-in-chief, after
John Rennie stepped down in June 2009.
Scientific American published its first foreign
edition in 1890, the Spanish-language La America Cientifica.
Publication was suspended in 1905, and another 63 years would
pass before another foreign-language edition appeared: In 1968,
an Italian edition,
Le Scienze, was launched, and a Japanese edition,
Nikkei Science (日経サイエンス),
followed three years later. A new Spanish edition,
Investigación y Ciencia was launched in Spain in 1976,
followed by a French edition,
Pour la Science, in France in 1977, and a German
Spektrum der Wissenschaft, in Germany in 1978. A Russian
edition V Mire Nauki was launched in the Soviet Union in
1983, and continues in the present-day Russian
Federation. Kexue (科学, "Science" in Chinese), a
simplified Chinese edition launched in 1979, was the first
Western magazine published in the
People's Republic of China. Founded in
Chongqing, the simplified Chinese magazine was transferred
Beijing in 2001. Later in 2005, a newer edition, Global
Science (环球科学), was published instead of Kexue, which
shut down due to financial problems. A traditional Chinese
edition, known as
科學人 ("Scientist" in Chinese), was introduced to
Taiwan in 2002, and has been developed to the best popular
science magazine in Taiwan. The Hungarian edition Tudomány
existed between 1984 and 1992. In 1986, an Arabic-edition,
Oloom magazine (مجلة
العلوم), was published. In 2002, a Portuguese edition was
launched in Brazil.
Today, Scientific American publishes 18
foreign-language editions around the globe: Arabic, Brazilian
Traditional Chinese, Czech, Dutch, French, German, Greek,
Hebrew, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Lithuanian (discontinued
after 15 issues), Polish, Romanian, Russian, and Spanish.
From 1902 to 1911, Scientific American supervised the
publication of the
Encyclopedia Americana, which during some of that period
was known as The Americana.
PDF of first issue: Scientific American Vol.
1, No. 01 published August 28, 1845
Cover of the September 1848 issue
It originally styled itself "The Advocate of Industry and
Enterprise" and "Journal of Mechanical and other Improvements".
On the front page of the first issue was the engraving of
"Improved Rail-Road Cars". The masthead had a commentary as
Scientific American published every Thursday
morning at No. 11 Spruce Street, New York, No. 16 State
Street, Boston, and No. 2l Arcade Philadelphia, (The
principal office being in New York) by Rufus Porter. Each
number will be furnished with from two to five original
Engravings, many of them elegant, and illustrative of New
Inventions, Scientific Principles, and Curious Works; and
will contain, in high addition to the most interesting news
of passing events, general notices of progress of Mechanical
and other Scientific Improvements; American and Foreign.
Improvements and Inventions; Catalogues of American Patents;
Scientific Essays, illustrative of the principles of the
sciences of Mechanics, Chemistry, and Architecture: useful
information and instruction in various Arts and Trades;
Curious Philosophical Experiments; Miscellaneous
Intelligence, Music and Poetry. This paper is especially
entitled to the patronage of Mechanics and Manufactures,
being the only paper in America, devoted to the interest of
those classes; but is particularly useful to farmers, as it
will not only appraise them of improvements in agriculture
implements, But instruct them in various mechanical trades,
and guard them against impositions. As a family newspaper,
it will convey more useful intelligence to children and
young people, than five times its cost in school
instruction. Another important argument in favor of this
paper, is that it will be worth two dollars at the end of
the year when the volume is complete, (Old volumes of the
New York Mechanic, being now worth double the original
cost, in cash.) Terms: The Scientific American will
be furnished to subscribers at $2.00 per annum, - one dollar
in advance, and the balance in six months. Five copies will
be sent to one address six months for four dollars in
advance. Any person procuring two or more subscribers, will
be entitled to a commission of 25 cents each.
The commentary under the illustration gives the flavor of its
style at the time:
There is perhaps no mechanical subject, in which
improvement has advanced so rapidly, within the last ten
years, as that of railroad passenger cars. Let any person
contrast the awkward and uncouth cars of '35 with the
superbly splendid long cars now running on several of the
eastern roads, and he will find it difficult to convey to a
third party, a correct idea of the vast extent of
improvement. Some of the most elegant cars of this class,
and which are of a capacity to accommodate from sixty to
eighty passengers, and run with a steadiness hardly equaled
by a steamboat in still water, are manufactured by Davenport
& Bridges, at their establishment in Cambridgeport, Mass.
The manufacturers have recently introduced a variety of
excellent improvements in the construction of trucks,
springs, and connections, which are calculated to avoid
atmospheric resistance, secure safety and convenience, and
contribute ease and comfort to passengers, while flying at
the rate of 30 or 40 miles per hour.
Also in the first issue is commentary on Signor Muzio Muzzi's
proposed device for aerial navigation.
Special Navy Supplement, 1898
Scientific American 50 award
The Scientific American 50 award was started in 2002
to recognize contributions to science and technology during the
magazine's previous year. The magazine's 50 awards cover many
categories including agriculture, communications, defence,
environment, and medical diagnostics. The complete list of each
year's winners appear in the December issue of the magazine, as
well as on the magazine's web site.
In March 1996, Scientific American launched its own
website that includes articles from current and past issues,
online-only features, daily news, weird science, special
reports, trivia, "Scidoku" and more.
Notable features have included:
From 1990 to 2005 Scientific American also produced a
television program on
Scientific American Frontiers.
From 1983 to 1997, Scientific American has produced an
encyclopedia set of volumes from their publishing division, the
Scientific American Library. These books were not sold in retail
stores, but as a Book of the Month club selection priced from
$24.95 to $32.95. Topics covered dozens of areas of scientific
knowledge and included in-depth essays on: The Animal Mind;
Atmosphere, Climate, and Change; Beyond the Third Dimension;
Cosmic Clouds; Cycles of Life • Civilization and the Biosphere;
The Discovery Of Subatomic Particles; Diversity and the Tropical
Rain Forest; Earthquakes and Geological Discovery; Exploring
Planetary Worlds; Gravity’s Fatal Attraction; Fire; Fossils And
The History Of Life; From Quarks to the Cosmos; A Guided Tour Of
The Living Cell; Human Diversity; Perception; The Solar System;
Sun and Earth; The Science of Words (Linguistics); The Science
Of Musical Sound; The Second Law (of Thermodynamics); Stars;
Supercomputing and the Transformation of Science.
Scientific and political debate
In April 1950, the U.S.
Atomic Energy Commission ordered Scientific American
to cease publication of an issue containing an article by
Hans Bethe that appeared to reveal classified information
about the thermonuclear
hydrogen bomb. Subsequent review of the material determined
that the AEC had overreacted. The incident was important for the
"new" Scientific American's history, as the AEC's
decision to burn 3000 copies of an early press-run of the
magazine containing the offending material appeared to be "book
burning in a free society" when publisher Gerard Piel leaked
the incident to the press.
In its January 2002 issue, Scientific American
published a series of criticisms of the
Bjørn Lomborg book
The Skeptical Environmentalist.
Cato Institute fellow
Patrick J. Michaels said the attacks came because the book
"threatens billions of taxpayer dollars that go into the global
change kitty every year."
Ronald Bailey called the criticism "disturbing" and
"dishonest", writing, "The subhead of the review section,
'Science defends itself against The Skeptical
Environmentalist,' gives the show away: Religious and
political views need to defend themselves against criticism, but
science is supposed to be a process for determining the facts."
The May 2007 issue featured a column by
Michael Shermer calling for a United States pullout from the
Wall Street Journal online columnist
James Taranto jokingly called Scientific American "a
liberal political magazine".
The publisher was criticized in 2009 when it notified
collegiate libraries that subscribe to the journal that yearly
subscription prices would increase by nearly 500% for print and
50% for online access to $1500 yearly.
IQ Award for the German edition Spektrum der
Top 10 Science Stories of the Year
- 2011: The Japan Tsunami and Nuclear Crisis
- Technology Fuels the Arab Spring
- Faster-Than-Light Neutrinos?
- Record-Setting Extreme Weather
- A Hint of Higgs
- The End of the Space Shuttle Program
- The Death of Steve Jobs
- Gene Therapy Makes a Comeback
- The Sun Sets on Solyndra
- IBM's Watson Computer Wins on Jeopardy!
- 2012: Sandy Devastates the U.S. Northeastern
- The Higgs Boson Is Detected
- NASA’s Curiosity Rover Lands on Mars
- Publication of the ENCODE Encyclopedia: A Milestone
in Genome Research
- "Obamacare" (Mostly) Upheld by Supreme Court
- Record Meltdown of Arctic Sea Ice
- Pandemic Avian Flu Genes Made Public
- Bold, Private Efforts Step into Roles Vacated by
- Starvation Diet Fails to Boost Longevity
- Daredevils Reach New Highs and Lows
- 2013: U.S. Sequestration: A Body Blow to Science
- Atmospheric CO2 Reaches a Historical High: 400 Parts
- Meteor Explodes over Chelyabinsk, Russia
- Typhoon Haiyan, the Strongest Storm Known to Make
- Recovery of Oldest Human DNA
- The First Neutrinos from Outside the Solar System
- Confirmed: Fracking and Related Operations Cause
- Gene Therapy Achieves Major Success
- Drones Fly Toward Wide Commercial Use, Raising New
- Moon Shot to the Head: Global Initiatives Target the
- 2014: The Ebola Outbreak
- First Touchdown on a Comet
- U.S. and China in Historic Climate Deal
- Big Bang Gravitational Waves—or Not
- Worst Drought in Millennium Hits California
- Catastrophes Tarnish Commercial Spaceflight
- Botched Handling of Deadly Germs at U.S. Labs
- First Synthetic Chromosome of Yeast Made
- Cyber Attacks Spell the End of Magnetic-Stripe
- Symbolic Thought Shown to Exist in Other Human
- 2015: Year of the Dwarf Planets and New Views of
- The CRISPR Revolution Gains Momentum
- Massive Data Breach Highlights Widespread
- Record Climate Change
- Newly Discovered Human Raises Questions about our
- Advances in Concussion Science
- Volkswagen Sabotages "Clean" Diesel
- A Century of General Relativity
- Drones Fly onto Regulators' Radar
- New Discoveries about The Immune System Impacts the
- The Uncharted Territory of Ebola (Tie)
In 2013, Dr. Danielle Lee, a female scientist who blogs at
Scientific American, was called a "whore" in an email by an
editor at the science website Biology Online after
refusing to write professional content without compensation.
When Lee, outraged about the email, wrote a rebuttal on her
Scientific American blog, the editor-in-chief of
Mariette DiChristina, removed the post, sparking an outrage
by supporters of Lee. While DiChristina cited legal reasons for
removing the blog, others criticized her for censoring Lee.
The editor at Biology Online was fired after the incident.
The controversy widened in the ensuing days. The magazine's
blog editor, Bora Zivkovic, was the subject of allegations of
sexual harassment by another blogger, Monica Byrne.
Although the alleged incident had occurred about a year earlier,
editor Mariette DiChristina informed readers that the incident
had been investigated and resolved to Ms. Byrne's satisfaction.
However, the incident involving Dr. Lee had prompted Ms. Byrne
to reveal the identity of Zivkovic, following the latter's
support of Dr. Lee. Zivkovic responded on Twitter and his own
blog, admitting the incident with Ms. Byrne had taken place.
His blog post apologized to Ms. Byrne, and referred to the
incident as "singular", stating that his behavior was not
"engaged in before or since."
Due to the allegations, Zivkovic resigned from the board of
Science Online, the popular science blogging conference that
he helped establish.
Following Zivkovic's admission, several prominent female
bloggers, including other bloggers for the magazine, wrote their
own accounts that contradicted Zivkovic's assertions, alleging
additional incidents of sexual harassment.
A day after these new revelations, Zivkovic resigned his
position at Scientific American, according to a press
release from the magazine.
"Alliance for Audited Media Snapshot Report - 6/30/2013".
Alliance for Audited Media. June 30, 2013.
Retrieved February 2, 2014.
"Press Room". Scientific American. 2009-08-17. Archived from
the original on January 19, 2012.
V. (1989). Magazine Publishing and Popular Science After World
War II. American Journalism, 6(4), 218-234.
"Scientific American Editor, President to Step Down; 5 Percent
of Staff Cut". FOLIO.
"Donald H. Miller".
New York Times. December 27, 1998.
Jr. Vice President and General Manager of the magazine
Scientific American for 32 years until his retirement in 1979.
Died on December 22, at home in Chappaqua, NY. He was 84.
Survived by his wife of 50 years, Claire; children Linda Itkin,
Geoff Kaufman, Sheila Miller Bernson, Bruce Miller, Meredith
Davis, and Donald H. Miller, M.D; nine grandchildren and one
greatgrandchild; and brother Douglas H. Miller. Memorial service
will be held on Saturday, January 30, at 2 PM at the Unitarian
Universalist Fellowship of Northern Westchester in Mount Kisco,
NY. In lieu of flowers, contributions may be made to Hospice
Care in Westchester, 100 So. Bedford Road, Mount Kisco, NY
"A Century of Progress".
Time. January 1, 1945.
Present editor and publisher (third in the line) is Orson Desaix
Munn, 61, a patent lawyer, crack bird hunter and fisherman,
rumba fancier, familiar figure in Manhattan café society.
Mott, Frank Luther (1970) .
A History of American Magazines, 1850-1865 (4th ed.).
London: Oxford University Press. p. 316.
Retrieved 9 August 2015.
"Munn, Charles Allen.". Princeton University Library
Finding Aids. Princeton University.
Retrieved 9 August 2015.
Santora, Marc (January 17, 2005).
"Dennis Flanagan, 85, Editor of Scientific American for 37
New York Times.
Dennis Flanagan, who as editor of Scientific American magazine
helped foster science writing for the general reader, died at
his home in Manhattan on Friday. He was 85. The cause of death
was prostate cancer, according to his wife, Barbara Williams
Flanagan. Mr. Flanagan, who worked at Scientific American for
more than three decades beginning in 1947, teamed editors
directly with working scientists, publishing pieces by leading
figures like Albert Einstein, Linus Pauling and J. Robert
B. V. (1987). 'Public Understanding of Science' in America,
1945-1965. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, University of
Pennsylvania, pp. 280-284
Who Let the Dogs Out at Scientific American?, Patrick J.
Michaels, January 17, 2002
Green with Ideology, Ronald Bailey,
Reason, May 2002
Bush's Mistake and Kennedy's Error, Michael Shermer,
Scientific American, May 2007
Sunk or Bunk?, James Taranto,
Best of the Web Today, May 18, 2007
Howard, Jennifer (October 13, 2009).
"College Library Directors Protest Huge Jump in 'Scientific
American' Price". Chronicle of Higher Education.
Hess, Amanda (October 14, 2013).
"Scientific American’s Troubling Response to Its Blogger Being
Called an "Urban Whore"".
draws heat over ‘urban whore’ blog post". Fox News.
October 14, 2013.
Jaschik, Scott (October 14, 2013).
"When Does a Scientist Get Called a Whore?". Inside
Beusman, Callie (October 13, 2013).
"SciAm Apologizes for Deleting Blogger's Post on Being Called a
Gardner, Joshua (October 15, 2013).
"Editor at biology blog fired for calling black female scientist
who wouldn't work for free an 'urban whore'".
Happened", October 14, 2013. Retrieved on 24 October 2013.
Helmuth, Laura (October 17, 2013).
"Don’t Be a Creep". Slate.
Raeburn, Paul (October 16, 2013).
"Scientific American blog editor admits to sexual harassment".
Knight Science Journalism at MIT.
Zivkovic, Bora (October 15, 2013).
"This happened". A Blog Around The Clock.
Zuiker, Anton (October 16, 2013).
"ScienceOnline Board statement".
Cooper-White, Macrina (October 17,
"Bora Zivkovic, Scientific American Blog Editor, Responds To
Sexual Harassment Allegations".
Lee, Jane (October 17, 2013).
"Shakeup at Scientific American Over Sexual Harassment".
Sorg, Lisa (October 18, 2013).
"The fall of Pittsboro scientist and Scientific American blog
editor Bora Zivkovic". Indy Week.
Major English-language science and
MONDAY FEBRUARY 22, 2016
(10:30 - 11:30 AM / (NYC
Channel 34 of the
Time/Warner & Channel 83 of the RCN
Cable Television Systems in Manhattan, New York.
The Program can now be
viewed on the internet at time of cable casting at
NOTE: You must adjust viewing to
reflect NYC time
& click on channel 34 at site