(Originally aired: 02-01-99)







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Guest for Monday MAY 10

                                   (Original Air Date: 12-02-87)

                             LIONEL TIGER Ph.D



             Charles Darwin Professor of

       Anthropology at Rutgers University



        "The Manufacture of Evil: Evolution,

               Ethics, and the Industrial System"



The program can be viewed in its entirety by clicking the you tube link below:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CE-C7o7f5FE - LIONEL TIGER Ph.D 



MORE ABOUT: lionel tiger ph.d & "tHE mANUFACTURE OF eVIL"


Dr Lionel Tiger







It is the formidable character of the species to routinely seek the improbable, the difficult, even the impossible, as a source of pleasure and self-justification. Who would try to write poems, or novels, or paint pictures unless he is an optimist?  —Optimism: The Biology of Hope

Lionel Tiger is the Charles Darwin Professor of Anthropology at Rutgers University. His title reflects his pioneering role in introducing biosocial data into the social sciences. Since the mid-1960's he has been deeply involved in bridging the gap between the natural and social sciences. He has asserted that the words used appear to imply that human social behavior is somehow not natural. But of course it is. Exploring how and why is Tiger's central adventure. As a teacher, writer of books and articles which have been widely published and translated and as co-Research Director of the Harry Frank Guggenheim Foundation, he has been an influential figure in broadening our knowledge about why we do what we do.

He combines his scientific expertise with a lively sense of humor to offer original, entertaining and informative lectures that challenge what is entrenched or fashionable, and move intellectually where others fear to tread. Currently he is focused on day care, young males, the pill, college demographics, the workforce, and the ways in which humans are becoming progressively more and more alienated from their biological roots.

A graduate of McGill University, the London School of Economics at the University of London, England, he is a consultant to the U.S. Department of Defense on the future of biotechnology and the author of a new, controversial book The Decline of Males. Dr. Tiger, who developed the concept of "male bonding" in his classis study Men In Groups, has determined that women are in a trend to surpass men in economic, social and reproductive status - and that the cause of this seismic shift is not political or moral, but biological.

Responding to concerns about the relationship between organizations and their members in the next two decades, Dr. Tiger lectures on "Pleasure: The Carrot, The Stick and The Future of Employment." Pleasure is also the subject of his book: The Pursuit of Pleasure. In it, he argues that all our present pleasures can be traced to their functional, basically biological origins. We perceive and pursue pleasure because evolution actually programmed enjoyment into behaviors that are essential for survival.

His recent engagements include the International Association of Culinary Professionals on the pleasures of food and wine; a UNESCO-sponsored meeting on ethnic differences in Vienna; The Masters Forum sponsored by the Carlson School of Management, at the University of Minnesota on business ethics; the Kepner-Tregoe Business Conference addressing the cultural and social issues that will impact business organizations in the twenty-first century and The Lighthouse (NYC) on cultural aspects of sight impairment.

Dr. Tiger is also the author of the much-discussed books The Imperial Animal written with Robin Fox; Optimism: The Biology Of Hope, Female Hierarchies; Women in the Kibbutz; and The Manufacture of Evil: Ethics, Evolution & the Industrial System. He lives in New York City.

A recent interview on the Australian Broadcasting Corporation discusses the work on pleasure.

A complete résumé is also available.




email: ltiger@anthropology.rutgers.edu





Dr Lionel Tiger







Dr. Lionel Tiger, Résumé

Born Montreal Canada, February 1937
BA McGill University 1957
MA McGill University 1959
Ph.D. University of London (London School of Economics) 1962
Lecturer, University of Ghana, Accra, 1961
Assistant Professor, University of British Columbia, 1963-69
Associate Professor, Rutgers University, 1969-72
Professor, Rutgers University 1972-1990

Charles Darwin Professor of Anthropology. 1990-

Director of Research, H.F.Guggenheim Foundation, New York, 1972-84
Chairman, Board of Social Scientists, US News and World Report. 1986-8
Faculty Member, Summer University, Young Presidents Organization, Vienna, 1991
Ford Foundation Foreign Area Training Fellowship, Africa, 1962
Special Interdisciplinary Award, Canada Council, 1966-7
Canada Council-Killam Inaugural Award for Interdisciplinary Research, 1968
John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation Fellowship, 1968
Rockefeller Fellow, Aspen Institute, 1979
Susman Award for Excellence in Teaching, Rutgers University, 1985
H.F. Guggenheim Research Fellowship, 1988-90
Chairman, Working Group on Theories of Military Deterrence and Policy, Director of Net Assessment-Office of the Secretary of Defense, The Pentagon, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996,1997
Humanist Laureate 1999, International Academy of Humanism
Cultural Laureate, Landmarks Preservation Association, New York City

Men in Groups, 1969; 6 foreign translations
Men in Groups, 2nd Edition, 1987, Marion Boyars Publishers/Rizzoli, New York and London; new Introduction by author; forward by Desmond Morris
The Imperial Animal, with Robin Fox, 1971, Introduction Konrad Lorenz, 9 foreign translations
The Imperial Animal, 2nd Edition, 1989, Henry Holt; Shisakashu, New York and Tokyo; new Introduction by authors
The Imperial Animal, 3rd Edition, 1998, Transaction Press, New Brunswick and London, new Introduction by Authors
Women in the Kibbutz, with Joseph Shepher, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, New York; Penguin, London 1975. Shisakashu, Tokyo 1976
Female Hierarchies, editor, Aldine, Chicago, 1978 Writer-Host, Human Behavior: Four One-Hour Programs, CTV Network, Toronto, 1976
Optimism: The Biology of Hope, Simon and Shuster, New York; Secker a Warburg London, 1979; reissued with new Introduction, Kodansha, New York, 1995, new Forward by LT, Introduction by Frederick Turner
China's Food, 1985, photography by Reinhart Wolf, 6 foreign eds, inc. Flammarion, Thames and Hudson, Mondadori, Heine
The Manufacture of Evil: Evolution, Ethics, and the Industrial System, Bessie Books/Harper and Row, New York 1987; Marion Boyars, London, 1991, paperback Marion Boyars/Rizzoli, NYC and London, 1991
Man and Beast Revisited, editor, with Michael Robinson, Director National Zoo, Washington, Smithsonian Institution Press, 1991
The Pursuit of Pleasure, Little, Brown, Boston: Little Brown, (Toronto) , 1992; Little, Brown (UK) 1992; A la recherches des Plaisirs, Editions Dunod. Paris, 1992; A Busca Do Prazer, Editora Objetiva, Rio de Janiero, 1993: Little, Brown (UK) , 1992; Ediciones Paidos Iberica, Madrid, 1993; Wilhelm Heyne Verlag, Frankfurt, 1994; Lyra Libri, Milan, 1994; Tiderne Skifter Forlag, Denmark, 1995; Mei Ching Publishing, Taipei, Taiwan. Serialized in Family Circle, Penthouse, The Toronto Globe and Mail, Selected Book of the Month Club, Quality Paper Back Club. 2nd edition, Transaction Press, 2000
The Pursuit of Pleasure, 2nd Edition, Transaction Press, 2000
The Decline of Males, Golden Books 1999, St. Martins 2000; Serialized Newark Star-Ledger, London (Ont.) Free Press; German translation, Dueticke Publishers, Vienna, Austria 2000

Numerous refereed articles, reviews, contributions, chapters

Editorial Board Social Science Information, Maison des Sciences de l'Homme, Paris
Editorial Board, Ethology and Sociobiology, UCLA
Governing Board, Politics and the Life Sciences Association, Wshington, 1990-3
Executive Board, Treasurer, PEN American Center, 1988-91,
Vice-President, PEN American Center, 1991-4
Secretary-Treasurer, The Pen American Foundation, 1991-4
Program Committee, International Conference, Washington DC, American Institute of Wine and Food, 1992-6
Scientific Advisory Committee,, American Wine Institute, San Francisco, CA, 1993-
Advisory Board, The Gruter Institute for Law and Behavioral Research, California, 1994 -
Member, International Advisory Council, Olfactory Research Fund, Ltd. NYC
Co-Principal Investigator, "An Evolutionary Approach to Analyzing World Politics," for Director, Office of Net Assessment, Office of the Secretary of Defense, The Pentagon, 1998-99

General articles have appeared in, among other places, New York Times, TIME, Wall Street Journal, Observer of London, L'Express, Newsweek, Rolling Stone, Maclean's, Kos:Milan, Family Circle, Canadian Forum, Preventive Medicine, U.S. News and World Report, Encounter, Child, The New Republic, Psychology Today, Los Angeles Times, The Sciences- New York Academy of Sciences, La Republica, The Wilson Quarterly, Harper’,s Magazine, New York Press, The New Yorker, New York Daily News, Foreign Affairs, Newark Star-Ledger, Social Research, Harvard International Review, Free Inquiry

Lectured at, among other universities and institutions, City University of New York; Princeton; Minnesota; UCLA; Canisius College; Harvard, Los Andes (Bogota); Columbia; Dartmouth College; Wisconsin, Michigan State; Smith College; Amsterdam; Maison de Sciences de 1'Homme, Paris; Haifa; Rockefeller; Max Planck Institute, Sieweisen; Smithsonian Institution; Calgary; McGill; Hydrabad and Jaipur (India); University of California Berkeley; National War College, Washington; National Academy of Economic Sciences, Moscow; Southern California; Carleton College, Minnesota; American Museum of Natural History New York, Coe College, Iowa; Paris; Hebrew University, Jerusalem; Penn State; Northwestern; Tel Aviv; Candido Mendes (Rio de Janeiro); British Columbia; Yale Law School; Moscow University; Kean College; Alberta; Concordia University, (Montreal); Brown, Providence, Rhode Island; York (Toronto); California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco; Carlson School of Management, University of Minnesota; Royal Society of Canada, Montreal; Max Planck Society, Tegernsee, Bavaria; Instituto Scientifico H. San Raffaele, Milan, Italy; Olin Institute for Strategic Studies, Harvard University; Foreign Policy Institute - School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University, Washington, DC; Triangle Institute of Security Studies, Cantigny Museum, Chicago; Planned Parenthood of New York, New York Academy of Sciences; Council of Women World Leaders, Kennedy School of Government, Harvard; International Academy of Humanism Conference, Chicago; Conference on Rational Models in Social Science, Department of Economics, University of Chicago; Women and Minorities Program, Wayne State University Symposium;

Lectured to or consulted with, among others, The Brunswick Corporation; Johnson & Johnson; IBM; Director of Net Assessment - Office of the Secretary of Defense, the Pentagon; AT & T; UCLA School of Business; Canadian Management Association; Dallas Council of Social Services; American Association of Industrial Designers -New York Chapter; A & P; Robert P. Gersin Associates Industrial Design; J. Walter Thompson; University of Calgary Faculty of Management; American Institute of Wine and Food; McCabe and Associates Advertising; Columbia University Graduate School of Business - Advisory Council on Business Ethics; United Nations Program on Drug Abuse Research (Vienna); The Pfizer Corporation; Paul Nitze School-Foreign Policy Institute, Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies, Washington, DC; Revlon; Aspen Institute Executive Seminar Program (three summers); Young Presidents Organization University (Vienna); Gruter Institute Symposium-St. Moritz; The Century Association-New York; The Seagram Corporation; Keppner-Tregoe Consultancy - Princeton; King and Spalding Attorneys; Hughes, Hubbard and Reed Attorneys; The Sawyer-Miller Group; The Upjohn Company; Summer Study Session on Behavioral Assumptions of Military Strategic Future, Office of Secretary of Defense, Naval War College, Newport, RI; Monell Chemical Senses Center, Philadelphia; CIDIL/CNRS, Origins of Dietary Forms, Maison des Centraliens, Paris; Symposium on Biotechnology, Army Research Laboratories, Army War College, Carlisle PA Barracks; American Anthropological Association - School of American Research, Santa Fe; Weiner-Edrich-Brown, Inc; Federal Judicial Conference, Vermont Law School- Dartmouth College; Office Of The Under Secretary of the Navy, Washington, DC; US Army Training and Doctrine Command, Fort Monroe, Va; The Lighthouse National Headquarters; Planned Parenthood of New York; International Foodservice Organization Annual Conference-Miami, Florida; Defense Evaluation and Research Agency, Farnborough, England; Defense Intelligence Agency, Bolling Air Force Base, VA; United Biscuit Company, London, England; African-American Association, BASF Corporation, New Jersey; The Lockheed Corporation, Bethesda, Md.




email: ltiger@rci.rutgers.edu




Editorial Review: "The Manfacture of Evil"

From Publishers Weekl

Rutgers anthropologist Tiger (Men in Groups, etc.), believes that our ethics are biologically rooted in the extended family circle, but that industrialization, a very recent development, has weakened the family, isolated individuals, fostered exploitation and loss of craftsmanship. Today's evils, he argues, stem largely from an impersonal, vast industrial system that thwarts social and parental instincts and mutes our biologically conditioned morality. As many as one-fourth of North American women will never become mothers, he notes, and more people are living alone than ever. A "psycho-industrial complex" that holds sway in the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. treats social life and the human psyche as products to be manipulated by Pavlovian conditioning, ideology, advertising or some combination thereof. Tiger offers no solutions, but his evolutionary perspective is innovative and provocative.
Copyright 1987 Reed Business Information, Inc.