(Originally aired: 02-01-99)

 

  

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GUEST THURSDAY AUGUST 19, 2010

                        GUEST  

                  KWAME  BRATHWAITE

                                   

     

                         Pan Africanist

      

      

                          Arts Activist

         

            

              

                         Photographer

                       www.ncanewyork.com

                           kwamebrathwaite@aol.com

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The program can be viewed in its entirety by clicking the you tube link below:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=10aie37fWlg - KUAME BRATHWAITE

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More about: KWAME BRATHWAITE & PAN AFRICANISM

Kwame has been considered the ever-present "photo-documentarian" of the Black Cultural movement, the "keeper of the images." While earning a living as a fashion and entertainment photographer, his primary interest has been the recording of the history of the African Cultural Revolution and the African liberation struggle. Co-founded the African Jazz-Art Society, 1956); The Grandassa Models (Black is Beautiful) 1961 and wearable art shows, AFRIMODA, FashionArt and FashioNations (1986).

Kwame's photography business has taken him to over twenty countries in Africa, Europe and the Caribbean. His fashion and entertainment photography has kept him busy with high profile assignments for some of the top names in entertainment and fashion, including Beverly Johnson, Iman, Barbara Smith, Jerri Hall, Peggy Dillard, Cindy Crawford, Frederique, Naomi Campbell, Claudia Schiffer, Tyra Banks, Roshumba and many others. He also has had the honor of being selected by several heads of state to document their travels in the U.S., including President Ahmed Sekou Toure of Guinea, Maurice Bishop of Grenada and President Sam Nujoma of Namibia. Among his most treasured images are his coverage of the funeral of his namesake, Kwame Nkrumah, the independence of Namibia along with the Inauguration of his longtime friend Pres. Sam Njoma, and the inauguration of Nelson Mandela, the later two events are amongst the things for which he had fought for for more than thirty years.

“As artists, we are continually plagued with finding ways to balance our socio-political, socio-economic, professional lives as artists, and our financial responsibilities to our families. During this “Golden Age of Black Art”, we must find new ways to put the “gold” into our work, without compromising, commercializing, or sacrificing our responsibilities to our people. We must create new ways to use our art as an instrument for social change. We must use our vision to speak to the souls of our people to help guide them through this new Melanian (the presence of Black or dark pigmentation) where Black art will finally take its rightful place, not only in the hearts of our people, but in the marketplace as well.”

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National Conference of Artists of New York

   
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NCAnewyork will Celebrate NCA’s 51st Anniversary
with a Conference & Black Art History Maker’s Awards 2010

Honoring Faith Ringgold, Ademola Olugebefola & Obatola Grant at The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Dedicated to the late Paul R. Jones.

On February 26th the National Conference of Artists New York will celebrate their 51st anniversary conference and “Black Art History Maker’s Awards”; a keynote speech by Ethiopia’s Achamyeleh Debela, Professor of Art at North Carolina Central University and a panel “Art As An Instrument for Social Change”, a continuing campaign that NCA started in 1997. The awards, given to distinguished individuals in the arts will honor three artists who have excelled in producing art that speaks to changing society.  read more

*NCAnewyork Expanding visual artists membership, including photographers.  Join Today

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United States of Africa

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
 
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Map of Africa's 53 sovereign societies (click to enlarge)

The United States of Africa is the name proposed for the concept of a federation of some or all of the 53 sovereign states of Africa. The United States of Africa, if created, would share the acronym "U.S.A." with the United States of America. [1][2][3]

Libyan leader Muammar al-Gaddafi, who is the 2009 Chairperson of the African Union (AU), has advanced the idea of a United States of Africa at two regional African summits: in June 2007 in Conakry, Guinea,[4] and again in February 2009 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.[5] Gaddafi had previously pushed for the creation of the African Union at a summit in Lomé, Togo, in 2000.[6] Having since described the AU as a failure, Gaddafi has asserted that only a true pan-African state can provide stability and wealth to Africa.

A number of senior AU members also support the proposed federation, believing that it could bring peace to a 'new' Africa.[7] Alpha Oumar Konaré, former President of Mali and former Chairperson of the African Union Commission, spoke in favour of the concept at the commemoration of Africa Day, on May 25, 2006.[8]

Contents

[hide]

[edit] Origins

Marcus Garvey in 1924

The "United States of Africa" was mentioned first by Marcus Garvey in his poem 'Hail, United States of Africa' in 1924. Garvey's ideas deeply influenced the birth of the Pan-Africanist movement which culminated in 1945 with the Fifth Pan-African Congress in Manchester, United Kingdom, attended by W. E. B. Du Bois, Patrice Lumumba, George Padmore, Jomo Kenyatta and Kwame Nkrumah.[1] Later, Nkrumah and Haile Selassie (among many others) took the idea forward to form the 37 nation Organisation of African Unity, the forerunner of today's African Union.[9]

The idea of a multinational unifying African state is seen by the French publication Le Monde diplomatique as a successor to the medieval African empires: the Ethiopian Empire, the Ghana Empire, the Mali Empire, the Songhai Empire, the Benin Empire, the Kanem Empire and other historic nation states.[10]

[edit] Demographics

From these origins, and as a result of the more recent colonialism, Africa has today developed into a continent of 53 independent countries, with a population of 1 billion. The proposed federation would have the largest total territory of any state, exceeding the Russian Federation. It would also be the third most populous state after China and India, and with a population speaking an estimated 2,000 languages.[11]

[edit] Future development

Muammar al-Gaddafi in 2003

At the June 2007 meeting of the African Union, discussions centred upon Gaddafi's idea of a federation of African states.

In February 2009, upon being elected chairman of the 53-nation African Union in Ethiopia, Gaddafi told the assembled African leaders: "I shall continue to insist that our sovereign countries work to achieve the United States of Africa." The BBC reported that Gaddafi had proposed "a single African military force, a single currency and a single passport for Africans to move freely around the continent". Other African leaders stated they would study the proposal's implications, and rediscuss it in May 2009.[5]

While development remains in the early stages of planning, ambitious targets have been set. The focus so far has been on building subdivisions of Africa - the proposed East African Federation can be seen as an example of this. The President of Senegal, Abdoulaye Wade, has indicated that the United States of Africa may exist from as early as 2017. The African Union, by contrast, has set itself the task of building a "united and integrated" Africa by 2025.[12] Gaddafi has also indicated that the proposed federation may extend as far west as the Caribbean: Haiti, Jamaica, the Dominican Republic, and other islands featuring a large African diaspora, may be invited to join.[13]

[edit] Differing views

The African continent.

Of the African nations other than Libya, support for the "United States of Africa" has come from Eritrea, Ghana, Senegal and Zimbabwe. Others, such as South Africa, Kenya and Nigeria, have shown less interest in the idea.[1]

Doubts have been raised about whether the goal of a unified Africa can ever be achieved while ongoing problems of conflict and poverty persist throughout the continent.[14] Gaddafi has also received criticism for his involvement in the movement, and lack of support for the idea from among other African leaders.[15]

[edit] References

  1. ^ a b c "Ambitious plan for a new Africa: Welcome to the U.S.A (that's the United States of Africa)". The Independent. 2007-06-30. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/africa/ambitious-plan-for-a-new-africa-welcome-to-the-usa-thats-the-united-states-of-africa-455337.html. Retrieved 2009-04-26. 
  2. ^ African Union website - list of AU member states
  3. ^ Thabo Mbeki (July 9, 2002). "Launch of the African Union, 9 July 2002: Address by the chairperson of the AU, President Thabo Mbeki" (HTML). ABSA Stadium, Durban, South Africa: africa-union.org. http://www.africa-union.org/official_documents/Speeches_&_Statements/HE_Thabo_Mbiki/Launch%20of%20the%20African%20Union,%209%20July%202002.htm. Retrieved 2009-02-08. 
  4. ^ Gaddafi Calls for a "U.S." of Africa, from Mafé Tiga blog, July 1 2007
  5. ^ a b AU summit extended amid divisions, from BBC News, 4 February 2009
  6. ^ "United States of Africa?", from BBC News, 11 July 2000
  7. ^ Gaddafi urges pan-African state, from BBC News, 26 June 2007
  8. ^ Statement of the UA Commission Chairperson
  9. ^ The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. (2007). "Organization of African Unity" (HTML). N/A: HighBeam Research. http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/history/A0836842.html. Retrieved 2009-04-27. 
  10. ^ Would a United States of Africa work?, from Le Monde diplomatique (English edition), September 2000
  11. ^ "Africa". UNESCO. 2005. http://portal.unesco.org/ci/en/ev.php-URL_ID=8048&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html. Retrieved 2009-03-01. 
  12. ^ United States of Africa - A Wishful Thinking, from AfricaLoft, republished 4 February 2009
  13. ^ United States of Africa may take off in 2017, says Wade, from Guardian Newspapers, published 13 February 2009
  14. ^ 'United States of Africa' Still an Idea Ahead of Its Time, from World Politics Review, 13 July 2007
  15. ^ Gadhafi pledges 'United States of Africa', from msnbc, 2 February 2009

[edit] See also

 

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